Mele Kepani

Mele Kepani

Pili pinepine ʻia nā mele Kepani me ka hoʻomaha, ka noʻonoʻo ʻana, a me ka yoga, me ka maluhia, mālie, mālie a me ka launa pū. ʻIke mau nā mea āpau i luna mai ka ʻike komohana a me ke kalepa.

Akā ʻoi aku ia ma mua o kēlā. ʻO ka ʻāina o ka puka ʻana o ka lā he laulā a me nā ʻano mele like ʻole, nā ʻōiwi ʻelua a me nā ʻano i lawe ʻia mai.

ʻO ka hanana globalization ka mea i lohe i ka pae ʻāina Kepanī a hoʻopā kekahi i kekahi nā mele pop a me nā pōhaku. A aia kekahi wahi no nā mele i hānau ʻia ma ka ipu Caribbean e like me ka reggae a me salsa.

Mele Kepani kuʻuna

ʻO ka moʻomeheu mele Kepani kaulana loa e pili loa me Zen Buddhism. ʻO ke Komuso, kahi hui o nā mōneka, ua hoʻomohala i ka wanaʻao o ke kenekulia XNUMX i kahi hana i kapa ʻia he noʻonoʻo pono.

E kiʻi i ke kiʻekiʻe loa o ka noʻonoʻo a hiki i ka transcendence ʻuhane ma o ka ʻike, I loko o nā hoʻolālā noʻonoʻo, lohe ʻia nā leo o ka Shakuhachi ma hope. He pū ʻohe ʻohe ʻelima kēia; pono ka mea pāʻani e hoʻopaʻa iā ia i luna, e like me ka recorder komohana.

ʻAʻole i hoʻoponopono ʻia nā kī. ʻO nā hana o ka chord i hoʻohana ʻia no nā kau noʻonoʻo ʻana i lawe ʻia i "waha" a lohe ʻia i nā hanauna hou o nā mōneka.

Akā lōʻihi ma mua o ka lilo ʻana o ka noʻonoʻo pono i hoʻokumu ʻia, a me ia kekahi mau ʻano mele, mai ka kenekulia XNUMX, i ka manawa o Nara, ua ʻike ʻia kahi kaila o nā mele liturgical Buddhist i kapa ʻia ʻo Shomyo.

 Mele, he kumu kāna hana. Ma lalo o nā leʻaleʻa maʻalahi, me ka loaʻa ʻole o nā mea kani instrumental a hoʻokumu ʻia i ka pālākiō pentatonic, ua mele aku kahi hui mele i nā sutras (nā haʻiʻōlelo a Buddha a i ʻole kāna mau haumāna kokoke).

ʻO ka Gagaku: mele Kepani kahiko

ʻO ka unuhi maoli o ka huaʻōlelo ʻo Gagaku kahi mele nani. Mai ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia XNUMX, kūlike me ka hopena o ka manawa ʻo Asanka, ʻo ia ke mele e hana ʻia ma ka ʻaha emepera. He mea nui nō kēia wā i ka mōʻaukala o Iapana, mai ka hoʻolauna ʻana o ka Buddhism.

ʻAʻole i kū ʻo Gagaku i ka loli. Ua pono ʻo ia e lanakila i nā pilikia āpau o ka mōʻaukala Kepani. Pono e neʻe kāna mau mea mele mai kekahi kūlanakauhale i kekahi kūlanakauhale, i kēlā me kēia manawa ke hoʻololi ʻia ke kapena nui o ka lāhui. Mai 710 lākou he mau kūlanakauhale nui o Iapana Nara, Kyoto, Osaka, Koka, Kobe a mai ka 1868 Tokyo. Kuhikuhi kekahi mau mōʻaukala ʻaʻohe palapala e hāʻawi mana i ke kūlana o ke kapikala o ka ʻāina i ka hope, no laila ʻo Kyoto ma ke kānāwai - ma ke kumumanaʻo - ke kūlanakauhale nui o ka ʻāina.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka mana o Gagaku ma ʻō aku o nā mele Kepanī a me ʻAsia. Ma ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua lawe kekahi mau haku mele mele kahiko o ke Komohana e like me ko ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ʻo Henry Cowell lāua ʻo Alan Hovhaness, ma ke ʻano he kumu no kekahi mau haku mele a lākou. ʻO ka French Oliver Hessiaen, ka British Beniamina Britten a me ka American Lou Harrinson i hana like.

Mai ka 2009 a me ka hoʻolaha a UNESCO, ʻo Gagaku kahi hoʻoilina hoʻoilina o ke kanaka.

Mele Kepani

Mea kani kuʻuna

Ma waho aʻe o ka ʻohe ʻo Sakuachi, nā mea hana ʻē aʻe i ʻāpana o nā mele Kepani:

  • Hichiriki: oboe liʻiliʻi i hana ʻia me ka ʻohe. Hoʻopuka ia i kahi leo hoʻonāukiuki nui a hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻano a pau o ka haʻi mele.
  • Shamishen: ʻano, he mea kani e like me ke kika kahiko, ʻoi aku ka lahilahi a ʻekolu wale nō kaula. ʻO kekahi ʻokoʻa ka like o ka pā leo me ka pahu. Pāʻani ʻia ia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka plectrum a i ʻole ka mauʻu, e kuʻi ai i nā aho a me ka ʻili e uhi ana i ka mea kani i ka manawa like.

Ma mua ua hoʻohana ʻia ia i kāna hana ʻili o nā pōpoki a ʻīlio paha. I kēia mau lā, hoʻohana ʻia nā derivatives ea.

  • ʻO Biwa: e like me ka Shamishen, He mea kani ia o nā mele Kepani, ʻoiai no Kina kahi. ʻAno like loa me ka lute komohana.
  • ʻO Ryuteki: he ʻohe ʻohe. ʻAʻole like me ka sakuachi, he ʻehiku mau lua o ia a pā pāʻani ʻia ʻo transversely. Ma loko o ka moʻomeheu Iapana, ʻo ia ka hōʻike leo o nā deragona e piʻi ana i ka lani.
  • Taiko: ʻo kēia kekahi o nā mea pono a me nā mea hōʻailona ma loko o ka moʻomeheu mele Kepani.

I nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX, ua hoʻohana ʻia ka taiko ma waena o nā pūʻali koa. Hoʻohana ʻia lāua ʻelua e hoʻoweliweli i nā pūʻali koa ʻenemi, a no ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā leka i nā pūʻali koa hui.

Ma loko o nā mele mele, kumi-daiko ka maʻa mau, nā hui mele i hana wale ʻia nā mea hana o kēia mea kani.

Ua hōʻoia ʻia ia he mea nui loa, e lilo i ʻāpana o nā band jazz o kēia au a i ʻole ma waena o nā mele orkestra kahiko.

  • Koto: ʻo kēia kekahi mea kani lāʻau e pili ana i ke kika, he ʻumikūmākolu mau kaula o ia. Eia nō naʻe, aia nā ʻano like ʻole, e like me nā prototypes o 80 mau aho.

ʻO ke mele Kepani i nā manawa o ka globalization

Kuhi kekahi poʻe theorists i kēlā ʻO nā mele Kepani no nā kenekulia ma lalo o ka mana o nā kuʻuna haole. I ka mua, ka pili, me ka hoʻohui i nā hakakā he nui me Kina a me Kōlea, he mana i ka leo o ka pae ʻāina Kepani me nā mea o kona mau hoalauna ʻāina nui.

Eia naʻe, ʻo ka hoʻololi nui i hana ʻia mai ka wā Meiji, i ka hopena o ka XNUMX kenekulia a me ka hoʻomaka o ka XNUMX. ʻO 45 mau makahiki i noho aupuni ʻia ka lāhui e ka Meiji Emperor, hōʻike i ka wehe nui ʻana o Iāpana i ke Komohana, kahi i loli loa ai ka hana noʻeau.

ʻO ka assimilation definitive o nā mea hoʻokani pila o ka lāhui o ka piʻi ʻana o ka lā i nā mele o ke komohana o nā mea like ʻole, i hana ʻia ma hope o ke Kaua Honua ʻElua. ʻO ka pōhaku, ka jazz, nā blues, a me nā mea kaumaha, i waena o nā ʻano ʻē aʻe, ua lilo i mea maʻamau i waena o nā poʻe hoʻolohe Kepani..

Ya I nā makahiki 80, ma loko o Iāpana kahi kani nani o nā mele Latin a me Caribbean, me ka salsa a me reggae i ka hoʻonohonoho mua. ʻO kekahi o nā hihia i hoʻomanaʻo nui ʻia ʻo ia o ʻO ka orchestra o ke kukui, kahi hui salsa i haku wale ʻia nā mea hoʻokani Kepani i hīmeni ma Sepania a me Pelekane, a ʻo Kepanī hoʻi.

 

Nā kumuwaiwai kiʻi: YouTube / Positivando lo Cotidiano - blogger


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.